Logic: Manteq Ayatollah Muhammad Reda Al-Muzaffar

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Published: January 28th 2014

Kindle Edition

115 pages


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Logic: Manteq  by  Ayatollah Muhammad Reda Al-Muzaffar

Logic: Manteq by Ayatollah Muhammad Reda Al-Muzaffar
January 28th 2014 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 115 pages | ISBN: | 9.16 Mb

Allah has created the human race with speech as part of its essential nature, and made the human tongue a tool by which to speak. Yet in spite of this, the human being needs something to erect his speech and make it sound- something that will allowMoreAllah has created the human race with speech as part of its essential nature, and made the human tongue a tool by which to speak.

Yet in spite of this, the human being needs something to erect his speech and make it sound- something that will allow his words to conform to the language which he knows, to the forms of its vocal expressions, and its bases. As such, the human being will initially need a guide which will habituate him to the norms of language, and secondly, he will be in need of a canon of principles which will immunize his tongue from error. This is the knowledge of grammar and morphology.In a similar fashion, Allah has created the human race with thinking as part of its essential nature, and he has bestowed upon humankind the faculty of rational thinking.

Yet in spite of this, we find that people commit a great number of mistakes in their thinking. They believe that things are causes which are not causes, and believe things are conclusions which are not conclusions. People believe that something is a proof which is not a proof. They believe in something false, or may even believe in something true but based on false premises. As such, a human being is always in need of something to correct his thoughts and guide him to the path of sound derivation. It has been mentioned by many that the science of logic is a tool by which the human being may immunize himself from errors, and which will give human beings a means for correcting their thoughts.

Just as grammar and morphology do not teach human beings how to speak per se, but rather teach him how to speak correctly, so logic does not teach the human being how to think- rather, it gives human beings a means for correcting their thoughts As such, our need for logic is only for the sake of correcting our thought.

And this is, indeed, a momentous need!If you would say: Human beings study logic, yet they still make mistakes. As such, there is no benefit in logic. We would say to you: People study logic and morphology, and yet still make mistakes in speech. The only reason for this is that the student studying such a science has not become sufficiently proficient in that science and has not taken heed of its principles when they are needed. This, or such a person makes an error in his application of logic, and fails to be correct.



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